Araucaria heterophylla - Norfolk Island Pine
Norfolk Island pine is an evergreen conifer that makes a handsome house plant. Its long, horizontal branches are densely covered with short, soft needles that become darker as the plant ages. This plant not a true pine, it just looks like one.
It also gets its name from Norfolk Island -- a small island in the Pacific between Australia, New Zealand and New Caledonia. As a house plant, you can expect it to reach about 3-6 ft (90 cm - 1.8 m). Slow-growing, it will take several years to reach this height. To understand how to care for these plants, remember their native environment, where they enjoy moderate temperatures, moist air and bright light.
Norfolk Island Pine Care : Raise the humidity. Dry air will cause the needles to become dry and fall off. Keep your plant away from heat/AC vents. This Pacific Island native loves to be misted with room-temperature water. Or, use a room humidifier to add moisture. Growing Norfolk Island pine trees are thirsty, so check the soil often during the growing season. Yellow needles are typically caused by soil that's either too dry or soggy. Aim to keep it lightly moist at all times. Repot in spring.
This plant is slow-growing, especially indoors. Move it into a pot 1 size larger every 3 years or when roots are visible on top of the soil. When the tree grows to more than 3 ft (90 cm) tall, top dress instead. Don't prune Norfolk pine. Never cut off the top or trim the sides of this plant. It doesn't need to be shaped at all. You can remove any lower branches that die, using sharp pruners to prevent tearing the stems.
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